In the novel Crime and Punishment, Fyodor Dostoevsky presents a character named Rodion Raskolnikov, who is the murderer in the novel and therefore the main character throughout the story. His main crime is the intentional murder he committed of the old pawnbroker, Alyona Ivanovna and the second murder of Alyona’s sister, Lizaveta, who walks into the room and is murdered because Raskolnikov panics. Similar to Dostoevsky’s point in Notes from the Underground, he is trying to show that humans are not like “piano keys” and that people can choose to break certain expectations. Murder is not legal or morally right; this is an establishment agreed upon in society and a social fact because people even in a lawless society would agree that murder is not morally correct. However, Raskolnikov breaks this societal establishment by committing murder. Any person has the ability to break the laws, so does Raskolnikov. The murder itself becomes a test of morality for Raskolnikov. Raskolnikov’s real punishment is the psychological torture that he experiences because his mind is dealing with the guilt from immorality for committing murder; therefore, the mind transforms into being something very weak.
My main question is what would Friedrich Nietzsche say about a person such as Raskolnikov? In Nietzsche’s, claim the weak invented concepts such as good and evil, as opposed to terms as such good and bad, to overcome the strong or superior. The term evil also implies that there is some form of morality introduced to societal thinking.
Can breaking societal rules that are so fundamental to the basics of law, like murder which is an "evil" act, make a person who is inferior into a superior being? I am not sure whether harming others would make Raskolnikov more superior than before committing the crime. As a result of Raskolnikov taking the initiative to kill Alyona Ivanovna, who is a weaker being, does that make him one of the superior in society? He could be seen to have an Übermensch complex, which makes him think that he is superior to the rest of society even though he is a part of the “weaker” beings in society.
If Raskolnikov does have a guilty mindset about the murder he has committed, does guilt restrain him into remaining one of the weaker beings in society by causing him not to surpass societal constraints? In contrast, is the benefit of Rashkolnikov’s immoral act of murder that he breaks the barrier of being one of the inferior in society to become a superior being?